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From Promise to Practice? Analyzing China’s Overseas Energy Finance and Opportunities for a Greener Horizon

By Cecilia Springer As the world grapples with the climate crisis, China's role in financing global energy projects has come under intense scrutiny. And while China has financed significant amounts of fossil fuel energy ...

Lithium Rush: The Risks and Rewards of a China-Led Commodity Boom for Latin America and the Caribbean’s Transition Materials

By Zara C. Albright At last week’s Belt and Road Forum, China announced the creation of the Green Investment and Finance Partnership (GIFP), part of the $100 billion in new financing for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), aimed at ...

An Empirical Perspective on Ten Years of China’s Belt and Road Initiative

By Kevin P. Gallagher China’s Belt Road Initiative (BRI) – the ambitious and loosely defined program of overseas investment, economic integration, and South-South Cooperation – turns ten this month. A plethora of stories have abounded since the onset of the ...

Breaking the Taboo: How Multilateral Development Banks Can Participate in Debt Relief

By Marina Zucker-Marques and Kevin P.Gallagher For three long years now, the Group of 20 (G20) Common Framework has been unable to put debt-distressed countries on a path toward debt sustainability and development. The Common ...

Smaller and Greener? New Data Reveals a Shift in Chinese Loans to Africa

By Victoria Yvonne Bien-Aimé, Lucas Engel and Oyintarelado Moses A combination of economic shocks from the COVID-19 pandemic and the policy shift to a greener high-quality Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has translated into a substantial decline in large-scale Chinese loan ...

At the Africa Climate Summit, China Can Lead by Example on Financing Sustainable Development in Africa

By Kevin P. Gallagher The climate crisis was caused by actors outside of Africa, yet Africans are suffering among the worst effects from climate change. Looking forward, African nations need to mobilize financing upwards of 10% of GDP annually to adapt to ...

How China’s Overseas Coal Plants in South and Southeast Asia Can be Retired Early

By Alex Clark Chinese public financial institutions have financed almost 40 gigawatts of coal-fired power generation capacity outside China in the last decade. These coal plants, located predominantly in Indonesia, Vietnam, and Pakistan, as shown below, and with an average ...

Prioritizing Socio-Ecological Protections: Study Shows Deregulation Doesn’t Attract Chinese Investment

By Christina Duran In a March 2023 synthetic report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emphasized that Central and South America face adverse impacts from increased climate damage “without rapid, deep and sustained mitigation and accelerated adaptation action,” which ...

Friendship over Friendshoring? Practical Opportunities for U.S.-China Coordination on Global Energy Transition

By Cecilia Springer U.S.-China competition could be bad news for the climate.  The geoeconomic fragmentation that is driven by U.S.-China decoupling will raise costs and potentially slow the global energy transition. At the same time, countries ...

The Real Drivers and Impacts of Chinese Overseas Lending and Development Finance

By Oyintarelado Moses Debates about the drivers and impacts of Chinese overseas lending and development finance (OLDF) have accompanied the rise of China as the world’s largest official bilateral lender.  Amidst stalled debt negotiations under the ...
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