Follow CGSP on Social Media

Listen to the CGSP Podcast

How China is Facilitating Africa’s “Structural Transformation”

Source:, Version 2.0 accessed on October 7, 2021. Note: Composition of the 3,126 completed and “recommended for aggregates” projects in Africa financed or co-financed by China 2000-2017, by sector. The health sector accounted for 24 percent of the total project count. But by amount of finance, energy and transport were the two largest subsectors, as these projects are large in size and long term.

For much of the past 20 years, China has been the indispensable actor in African infrastructure development, financing the construction of thousands of kilometers of new railways and roads along with ports, airports, and power stations.

But has it been enough to help some African countries transition from relying primarily on resource extraction to developing a manufacturing sector and eventually building a services sector in their economies?

Lead the Conversation on China

Subscribe Today to Get Full Access to The China-Global South Project

Check Out Everything You'll Get With Your Subscription

The China-Global South Daily Brief delivered to your inbox at 6AM Washington time

Full access to exclusive news and analysis from editors based in the Global South

Transcripts of CGSP’s twice-weekly podcasts

Students and teachers with a valid .edu email address are eligible for a 50% discount off monthly or yearly subscriptions. Email us to receive a discount code.

What is The China-Global South Project?


The China-Global South Project is passionately independent, non-partisan and does not advocate for any country, company or culture.


A carefully curated selection of the day’s most important China-Global South stories. Updated 24 hours a day by human editors. No bots, no algorithms.


Diverse, often unconventional insights from scholars, analysts, journalists and a variety of stakeholders in the China-Global South discourse.


A unique professional network of China-Africa scholars, analysts, journalists and other practioners from around the world.