Follow CGSP on Social Media

Listen to the CGSP Podcast

“Unlocking the Black Box” of Chinese Development Aid: A View From France

Chinese overseas development aid and finance remains something of a mystery to many outside observers. The opacity of the Chinese system, combined with large language and cultural differences often lead international stakeholders to complain that it’s difficult to distinguish between Chinese aid, concessional financing, and market-based lending/investments.

The French development agency, Agence Française de Développement, recently tackled the issue by inviting two of the world’s leading experts in the field, Agatha Kratz, Associate Director at the New York-based Rhodium Group, and Marina Rudyak, a researcher at the Institute for Chinese Studies at Heidelberg University, to open the proverbial “black box” that is Chinese development aid and finance.

  • Get a daily email packed with the latest China-Africa news and analysis.
  • Read exclusive insights on the key trends shaping China-Africa relations.
  • Full access to the News Feed that provides daily updates on Chinese engagement in Africa and throughout the Global South.

China, Africa and the Global South... find out what’s happening.

Subscribe today for unlimited access.

What is The China-Global South Project?


The China-Global South Project is passionately independent, non-partisan and does not advocate for any country, company or culture.


A carefully curated selection of the day’s most important China-Global South stories. Updated 24 hours a day by human editors. No bots, no algorithms.


Diverse, often unconventional insights from scholars, analysts, journalists and a variety of stakeholders in the China-Global South discourse.


A unique professional network of China-Africa scholars, analysts, journalists and other practioners from around the world.