The Zimbabwean government announced last month that construction of the new $3 billion Sengwa coal power plant will proceed after years of negotiation.
The new 2,800 megawatt plant will be a joint effort between Zimbabwe’s Rio Energy and a consortium of Chinese state-owned enterprises led by the Wuhan-based infrastructure contracting giant China Gezhouba Group.
Gezhouba will reportedly be the lead contractor and will also be responsible for raising additional capital. Separately, Power China will build a 250km water pipeline for the plant along with transmission lines. And on the financing side, the Industrial Bank of China will be involved and Sinosure is already on board to provide risk insurance.
So, it’s understandable why government leaders see an additional 2,800mw of capacity as something very appealing.
But the problem is that a massive plant like this poses extreme environmental and health risks to a population that is already coping with the consequences of climate change.
“Why should Zimbabwe accept a dirty source of energy, which is the biggest single cause of air pollution with devastating environmental impacts, at a time many countries are closing down coal plants?” asked Landry Ninteretse, African managing director for the climate change activist group 350.org
Ninterertse is part of a burgeoning activist movement in Zimbabwe that is now starting to mobilize to oppose the Sengwa plant and who say they plan to target China for its involvement with the project.
Melania Chiponda, coordinator for the Centre for Alternative Development in Harare, and Richard Ncube, the Bertha Justice Fellow at the Zimbabwe Environmental Association, are among those working to raise awareness about the potential dangers of building such a large coal plant and who both contend there are other, more sustainable ways for Zimbabwe to close its current energy deficit. Melania and Richard join Eric & Cobus to discuss the politics of energy, China, and the way forward for Zimbabwe in these uncertain times.
- Bloomberg: China to Help Build $3 Billion Coal Plant in Zimbabwe by Godfrey Marawanyika and Brian Latham
- The Standard (Zimbabwe): US$3bn Sengwa coal project causes uproar by Brenna Matendere
- The Independent (Zimbabwe): Lobbyists challenge US$3bn Sengwa thermal power deal by Evans Mathanda and Tinashe Kairiza