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China’s Rapidly Evolving Role in the International Peacekeeping and Development Arenas

Peacekeeping troops from China, deployed by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), patrol outside the premises of the UN Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Juba on October 4, 2016. ALBERT GONZALEZ FARRAN / AFP

China is the second-largest funder of UN Peacekeeping Operations (PKO), behind the United States, and the largest troop contributor to PKOs in Africa among the UN’s permanent members of the Security Council. Last December, China’s top diplomat for Africa, Yang Jiechi, said Beijing is now willing to add even more resources to UN-led security operations in Africa.

China’s growing influence in the UN security arena parallels Beijing’s ambitions to become a larger force in the global aid sector. The Chinese are now ramping up their new aid agency, the China International Development Cooperation Agency, that is expected to funnel millions, possibly even billions of dollars in development funding to poor countries in Africa and elsewhere around the world.

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